Ilica is considered the main city street and shopping center in Zagreb. Length of the street is 5653 meters and it’s the fourth longest street in Zagreb (after Radnicka Street, Zagreb Avenue and Slavonska Avenue). Although not the longest street in Zagreb, Ilica has over 500 house numbers.
During the history, Ilica was also the main downtown street, better known as Lončarska cesta (Pottery Street). The first mention of the name Ilica happened in 1431 but today’s form was shaped in the late 18th century. The street is named after the creek Ilica existed in that time, welled up beneath “Peneznih goric” or “Gradecke gmajne” – “Rokov perivoj” today. Pottery artisans lived along the creek and dig the clay from it for producing ceramics. Although there are several theories about the Ilica name formation, this version is (probably) closest to the truth.
In the late 19th century and early 20th century, between the main square and the British square, many early buildings have been replaced with newly built representative buildings. Purpose of such buildings was residential and commercial and they had up to three floors. This is the place now where the Virtual Office Ilica 60 is placed.
Most significant Croatian architects such as Kuna Waidmann, Josip pl. Vancas and Hönigsberg & Deutsch were also included in building of Ilica street. Also, some world famous architectural names were also engaged such as Hermann Helmer and Ferdinand Fellner.
In the year 1863 Ilica received public lighting. First light on the street was given from the console gas lamps. They were replaced soon with candelabras in 1890 and the final lighting setup was made from electric lamps lined in 1907.
The first store with cars, motorcycles, trailers, bicycles and sewing machines Singer was open. It was placed at the corner of Ilica and Gunduliceva street, on the ground floor of house of Ferdinand Budicki.
The first electric streetcar was introduced on August 18, 1910. For this occasion, Ilica was reconstructed due to railway construction and its electrification. This was the first time the street was paved that makes Ilica the first paved street in Zagreb.